Select the best answer
among the choices given.
land, however, are the land turtles, properly caled tortoises, of which there
are approximately forty different kinds. Of these, Gopberus, including the three gopher tortoises, is found in the
southern United States as far west as New Mexico. Gopher tortoises are so
called because they dig long burrows, which may be nearly 50 feet long and
provide a home for many other animals, such as frogs, snakes, and burrowing
owls. They are primarily vegetarians, feeding on grass and leaves. Berlandier’s
tortoise, a slow-moving inhabitant of the arid lands of southern Texas and
Mexico, is especially fond of prickly-pear cactus.
tortoises come to water only to drink or bathe, and they are adapted to walking
on land by their club-shaped feet. their limbs are covered with hard scales
that often have a bony core. The shell is high-domed in all but a very few
forms. The openings at the front and rear of the shell are usually neatly
closed by the retracted limbs, on which the enlarged scales may be defensively
augmented with still larger spines. The head can be entirely withdrawn, the
elbows meeting in the middle in front of it and the claws of the forelimbs
overlapping the lower edge of the opening at the front. The hard-scaled soles
of the hind feet cover the openings at the rear.
have become symbols of leisurely movement, of longevity, and of persistence, as
in Aesop’s fable of the hare nad the tortoise. All tortoises share the ability
to live to a great age, but the longest life of anytortoise of which there is
an authentic record is of a great tortoise of the Seychelles Islands whose age
was known to be not less that 180 years.
1. What is the main topic of the passage&
A. The characteristics
of land turtles
B. The life
spans of tortoises
difference between the forty different kinds of land turtles
symbolism associated with tortoises.
2. Which of the following is NOT mentioned as a
characteristic of tortoises?
have retracting limbs.
B. They are
well adapted to water.
heads can be entirely withdtrawn into the shell.
have long lives.
3. The word their
in line 10 refers to
4. Gopher tortoises primarily eat
5. The word augmented
in line 13 could be best replaced by
6. The passage precedeing this one is probably
7. The word authentic
in line 20 is closest in meaning to
8. It can be inferred from the passage that
A. are very
B. have a
D. may soon
9. According to the passage, how did the gopher
tortoise get its name?
A. From its
diet consisting mainly of gophers
B. From one
of Aesop’s fables
being a vegetarian
digging long burrows.