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    Главная » 2011 » Октябрь » 1 » Демонстрационный вариант контрольных измерительных материалов единого государственного экзамена 2012 года по АНГЛИЙСКОМУ ЯЗЫКУ
    Демонстрационный вариант контрольных измерительных материалов единого государственного экзамена 2012 года по АНГЛИЙСКОМУ ЯЗЫКУ
    16:05

    Единый государственный экзамен по АНГЛИЙСКОМУ ЯЗЫКУ
    Пояснения к демонстрационному варианту контрольных
    измерительных материалов единого государственного экзамена
    2012 года по АНГЛИЙСКОМУ ЯЗЫКУ
    При ознакомлении с демонстрационным вариантом контрольных
    измерительных материалов ЕГЭ 2012 года следует иметь в виду, что задания,
    в него включённые, не отражают всех вопросов содержания, которые будут
    проверяться с помощью вариантов КИМ в 2012 году. Полный перечень
    вопросов, которые могут контролироваться на едином государственном
    экзамене 2012 года, приведён в кодификаторе элементов содержания и
    требований к уровню подготовки выпускников общеобразовательных
    учреждений для единого государственного экзамена 2012 года по
    английскому языку.
    Назначение демонстрационного варианта заключается в том, чтобы
    дать возможность любому участнику ЕГЭ и широкой общественности
    составить представление о структуре будущих КИМ, количестве заданий, их
    форме, уровне сложности. Приведённые критерии оценки выполнения
    заданий с развёрнутым ответом, включённые в этот вариант, дают
    представление о требованиях к полноте и правильности записи развёрнутого
    ответа.
    Эти сведения позволят выпускникам выработать стратегию подготовки
    к ЕГЭ.
    Демонстрационный вариант контрольных измерительных материалов
    единого государственного экзамена
    2012 года по английскому языку
    Инструкция по выполнению работы
    Экзаменационная работа по английскому языку состоит из четырёх
    разделов, включающих 46 заданий.
    Раздел 1 («Аудирование») включает 15 заданий, из которых первое – на
    установление соответствия и 14 заданий с выбором одного правильного
    ответа из трёх предложенных. Рекомендуемое время на выполнение заданий
    раздела 1 – 30 минут.
    Раздел 2 («Чтение») включает 9 заданий, из которых 2 задания – на
    установление соответствия и 7 заданий с выбором одного правильного ответа
    из четырёх предложенных. Рекомендуемое время на выполнение заданий
    раздела 2 – 30 минут.
    Раздел 3 («Грамматика и лексика») включает 20 заданий, из которых
    13 заданий с кратким ответом и 7 заданий с выбором одного правильного
    ответа из четырёх предложенных. При выполнении заданий с кратким
    ответом Вы должны самостоятельно записать ответ в соответствующем
    месте работы. Рекомендуемое время на выполнение заданий раздела 30–40
    минут.
    По окончании выполнения заданий каждого из этих разделов не
    забывайте переносить свои ответы в бланк ответов № 1. При выполнении
    заданий с выбором ответа в бланке ответов № 1 под номером выполняемого
    вами задания поставьте знак «×» в клеточке, номер которой соответствует
    номеру выбранного вами ответа. Для заданий с кратким ответом перенесите
    ответы в бланк ответов № 1 справа от номера соответствующего задания,
    начиная с первой клеточки, без пробелов, запятых и других дополнительных
    символов. Каждую букву или цифру пишите в отдельной клеточке в
    соответствии с приведенными в бланке образцами.
    Раздел 4 («Письмо») состоит из 2 заданий и представляет собой
    небольшую письменную работу (написание личного письма и письменного
    высказывания с элементами рассуждения). Рекомендуемое время на
    выполнение заданий этого раздела работы – 60 минут. Черновые пометки
    делаются прямо на листе с заданиями (они не оцениваются), и только полный
    вариант ответа заносится в бланк ответов № 2.
    Общее время проведения экзамена – 160 минут.
    Рекомендуется выполнять задания в том порядке, в котором они даны.
    Баллы, полученные Вами за выполненные задания, суммируются.
    Постарайтесь выполнить как можно больше заданий и набрать наибольшее
    количество баллов.
    Желаем успеха!

    Раздел 1. Аудирование
    Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие между
    высказываниями каждого говорящего A–F и утверждениями, данными
    в списке 1–7. Используйте каждое утверждение, обозначенное
    соответствующей цифрой, только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее
    утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы
    в таблицу.
    1. Perfume can’t be a good present for many reasons.
    2. Best presents are presents that create shared memories.
    3. Practical presents are not good presents.
    4. This sort of present can be good for everybody.
    5. Good perfume is the best present that is always easy to get.
    6. This present is a good way out, but not always perfect.
    7. Think of a person’s lifestyle while choosing a present.
    Говорящий A
    B
    C
    D
    E
    F
    Утверждение
    Вы услышите диалог. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений
    А1–А7 соответствуют содержанию текста (1 – True), какие не
    соответствуют (2 – False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на
    основании текста нельзя дать ни положительный, ни отрицательный
    ответ (3 – Not stated). Обведите номер выбранного Вами варианта ответа.
    Вы услышите запись дважды.
    Peter seldom goes to the library.
    1) True
    2) False
    3) Not stated
    Peter is satisfied with his term studies.
    1) True
    2) False
    3) Not stated
    Peter hopes to do as well in the course as his classmates.
    1) True
    2) False
    3) Not stated
    Peter prefers to work at his computer at home.
    1) True
    2) False
    3) Not stated
    Jane does not expect Peter to pass his language exam.
    1) True
    2) False
    3) Not stated
    Jane has always been the best student in the group.
    1) True
    2) False
    3) Not stated
    Jane has some problems with one of her subjects.
    1) True
    2) False
    3) Not stated
    Вы услышите интервью. В заданиях А8–А14 обведите цифру 1, 2 или 3,
    соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа. Вы услышите
    запись дважды.
    What, according to Michael Mitchell, is the biggest plus of Vintage Inns?
    1) Picturesque locations.
    2) Nostalgic landlords and landladies.
    3) Tourists from all over the world.
    What point does Michael Mitchell make about Vintage Inns’ gardens?
    1) They are perfect for any season.
    2) All Vintage Inns must have them.
    3) They are an alternative to dine in good weather.
    Why does not Michael Mitchell do anything to advertise his inns?
    1) They are close to local places of interest.
    2) They are not far from city centers.
    3) They are situated around London.
    What is typical of all the Vintage Inns?
    1) Traditional old style.
    2) Victorian design.
    3) Good food and atmosphere.
    According to Michael Mitchell, Vintage Inns menus
    1) preserve traditional style in cooking.
    2) modernize traditional dishes.
    3) offer mainly international food.
    When is the menu likely to be more varied?
    1) Saturdays.
    2) Weekdays.
    3) Sundays.
    What is the booking policy of Vintage Inns?
    1) It is not an accepted practice there.
    2) You need to book well in advance.
    3) Booking is possible only on Fridays.
    По окончании выполнения заданий В1 и А1–А14 не забудьте перенести свои
    ответы в бланк ответов № 1! Обратите внимание, что ответы на
    задания В1, А1–А14 располагаются в разных частях бланка. В1
    расположено в нижней части бланка. При переносе ответов в задании В1
    буквы записываются без пробелов и знаков препинания.
    Раздел 2. Чтение
    Установите соответствие между заголовками 1–8 и текстами A–G.
    Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую цифру только один
    раз. В задании один заголовок лишний.
    1. Travel memories
    5. Popular hobby
    2. Animal lover magazine
    6. Family magazine
    3. Travel to stars
    7. People and nature
    4. Star dreams
    8. Animals in danger
    A. Most people who spend a holiday travelling take a camera with them and
    photograph anything that interests them – sights of a city, views of mountains,
    lakes, waterfalls, men and women, children, ruins of ancient buildings, and
    even birds and animals. Later looking through their albums they will remember
    the happy time they have had, the islands, countries and cities they have seen.
    B. Of course, different people dream of different things. Someone wishes a calm
    and quiet life; others imagine their life as a never-ending adventure. The
    majority dream of something concrete: a villa in some warm place, an account
    in a Swiss bank, a splendid car… It’s interesting to know what the dreams of
    people who already have all this are. Celebrities, as we know, never hide their
    unusual hobbies, and often shock us with their extravagant behaviour.
    C. It is Junior Baseball Magazine’s mission to provide information that enhances
    the youth baseball experience for the entire family. The player improves his
    skills and is more successful. The family enjoys the activity more and shares
    this precious time in their life. Junior Baseball emphasizes good sportsmanship,
    safety, physical fitness and wholesome family values.
    D. The seas are in danger. They are filled with poison like industrial, nuclear and
    chemical waste. The Mediterranean Sea is already nearly dead; the North Sea is
    following it. The Aral Sea is on the brink of extinction. If nothing is done about
    it, one day nothing will be able to live in the seas. Every ten minutes one
    species of animal, plant or insect dies out forever.
    E. Lots of people all over the world enjoy collecting stamps. Stamps are like little
    pictures. Very often they show the flowers or the trees which grow in this or
    that country, or they can show different kinds of transport of the country.
    Stamps may also have portraits of famous people on them. Some stamps show
    art work from the history of the country.
    F. "Friend” is the title of my favourite magazine. It consists of 70 pages, with lots
    of colourful and bright pictures and provides interesting and useful information
    for people who love animals. The magazine includes numerous articles devoted
    to various topics connected with domestic animals, ways to take care of them,
    pet food, animal health and many other topics crucial for any animal lover.
    G. People are beginning to realize that environmental problems are not just
    somebody else’s. Many people join and support various international
    organizations and green parties. Human life is the most important, and polluted
    air, poisoned water, wastelands, noise, smoke, gas, exhaust all influence not
    only nature but people themselves. Everything should be done to improve
    ecological conditions on our planet.
    A B C D E F G

    Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A–F частями предложений,
    обозначенными цифрами 1–7. Одна из частей в списке 1–7 лишняя.
    Занесите цифру, обозначающую соответствующую часть предложения,
    в таблицу.
    Mobile phones On New Year’s Day, 1985, Michael Harrison phoned his father, Sir Ernest,
    to wish him a happy new year. Sir Ernest was chairman of Racal Electronics, the
    owner of Vodafone, A _______________________.
    At the time, mobile phones weighed almost a kilogram, cost several
    thousand pounds and provided only 20 minutes talktime. The networks themselves
    were small; Vodafone had just a dozen masts covering London. Nobody had any
    idea of the huge potential of wireless communication and the dramatic impact
    B _______________________.
    Hardly anyone believed there would come a day when mobile phones were
    so popular C _______________________. But in 1999 one mobile phone was sold
    in the UK every four seconds, and by 2004 there were more mobile phones in the
    UK than people. The boom was a result of increased competition which pushed
    prices lower and created innovations in the way that mobiles were sold.
    When the government introduced more competition, companies started
    cutting prices to attract more customers. Cellnet, for example, changed its prices,
    D _______________________. It also introduced local call tariffs.
    The way that handsets themselves were marketed was also changing and it
    was Finland’s Nokia who made E _______________________. In the late 1990s
    Nokia realized that the mobile phone was a fashion item: so it offered
    interchangeable covers which allowed you to customize and personalize your
    handset.
    The mobile phone industry has spent the later part of the past decade reducing its
    monthly charge F _______________________, which has culminated in the fight
    between the iPhone and a succession of touch screen rivals.
    1. trying to persuade people to do more with their phones than just call and text
    2. that there would be more phones in the UK than there are people
    3. and relying instead on actual call charges
    4. that mobile phones would have over the next quarter century
    5. the leap from phones as technology to phones as fashion items
    6. and his son was making the first-ever mobile phone call in the UK
    7. the move to digital technology, connecting machines to wireless networks
    A B C D E F
    B

    Прочитайте текст и выполните задания А15–А21. В каждом задании
    обведите цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту
    ответа.
    Llandudno Llandudno is truly a fine and handsome place, built on a generously proportioned
    bay and lined along its broad front with a huddle of prim but gracious
    nineteenth-century hotels that reminded me in the fading light of a lineup of
    Victorian nannies. Llandudno was purpose-built as a resort in the mid-1800s,
    and it cultivates a nice old-fashioned air. I don’t suppose that Lewis Carroll, who
    famously strolled this front with little Alice Liddell in the 1860s, would notice a
    great deal of change today.
    To my consternation, the town was packed with weekending pensioners.
    Buses from all over were parked along the side streets, every hotel I called at was
    full, and in every dining room I could see crowds – veritable oceans – of
    nodding white heads spooning soup and conversing happily. Goodness knows
    what had brought them to the Welsh seaside at this bleak time of year.
    Farther on along the front there stood a clutch of guesthouses, large and
    virtually indistinguishable, and a few of them had vacancy signs in their windows.
    I had eight or ten to choose from, which always puts me in a mild fret because I
    have an unerring instinct for choosing badly. My wife can survey a row of
    guesthouses and instantly identify the one run by a white-haired widow with a
    fondness for children, and sparkling bathroom facilities, whereas I can generally
    count on choosing the one run by a guy with a grasping manner, and the sort of
    cough that makes you wonder where he puts the phlegm. Such, I felt, would be the
    case tonight.
    All the guesthouses had boards out front listing their many amenities –
    COLOUR TV, HOSPITALITY TRAYS, FULL CENTRAL HEATING, and the coyly
    euphemistic EN SUITE ALL ROOMS, meaning private bathrooms. One place offered
    satellite TV and a trouser press, and another boasted CURRENT FIRE
    CERTIFICATE – something I had never thought to look for in a B&B. All this
    heightened my sense of unease and doom. How could I possibly choose intelligently
    among such a variety of options?
    I selected a place that looked reasonable enough from the outside – its
    board promised a color TV and coffee making facilities, about all I require these
    days for a Saturday night – but from the moment I set foot in the door I knew it
    was a bad choice. I was about to turn and flee when the owner emerged from a
    back room and stopped my retreat with an unenthusiastic "Yes?” A short
    conversation revealed that a single room with breakfast was for £19.50. It was
    entirely out of the question that I would stay the night in such a dismal place at
    such an exorbitant price, so I said, "That sounds fine,” and signed in. Well, it’s
    so hard to say no.
    My room was everything I expected it to be – cold and cheerless with
    laminated furniture, grubbily matted carpet, and those mysterious ceiling stains
    coffee things but the cups were disgusting, and the spoon was stuck to the tray.
    The bathroom, faintly illuminated by a distant light activated by a length of string,
    had curling floor tiles and years of accumulated dirt packed into every corner.
    I peered at the yellowy tile around the bath and sink and realized what the
    landlord did with his phlegm. A bath was out of the question, so I threw some
    cold water on my face, dried it with a towel that had the texture of shredded
    wheat, and gladly took my leave.
    Llandudno is described as a
    1) fashionable 19th century resort.
    2) beautiful growing resort.
    3) place where Lewis Carroll lived.
    4) place famous for its comfortable hotels.
    The phrase "veritable oceans” in paragraph 2 refers to
    1) hotel dining rooms.
    2) hotel guests wearing white hats.
    3) old people dining in cafes.
    4) buses crowded with old Welsh people.
    When choosing a guesthouse the narrator was worried because he
    1) wasn’t good at making the right choice.
    2) could not find a place run by a kind old widow.
    3) did not know what to look for.
    4) missed his wife for help.
    The narrator thought that the choice of a guesthouse used to be easier because
    1) all hotels had a private bathroom.
    2) there were fewer options on offer.
    3) there were fewer guest houses.
    4) they were all of B&B type.
    Why did the narrator agree to the room?
    1) He felt sorry for the landlord.
    2) He could not refuse the offer.
    3) It was really cheap.
    4) There was a TV and a coffee maker.
    Why was the bath out of the question?
    1) The water was too cold.
    2) There was no hot water.
    3) The bathtub was dirty.
    4) There was no light.
    What is the narrator’s attitude towards the room he stayed in?
    1) Surprised.
    2) Indifferent.
    3) Positive.
    4) Critical.
    По окончании выполнения заданий В2, В3 и А15–А21 не забудьте перенести
    свои ответы в бланк ответов № 1! Обратите внимание, что ответы на
    задания В2, В3, А15–А21 располагаются в разных частях бланка.
    приведённые ниже тексты. Преобразуйте, если необходимо,
    слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных
    номерами B4–B10, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали
    содержанию текстов. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый
    пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы B4–B10.
    A cup of coffee
    Once I was travelling in Italy. It was a lovely day.
    I wandered along the street until I came upon some parasolshaded
    tables which seemed to __________________ very
    nice. I settled and opened my book.
    I
    It was taking a long time for the waiter to arrive, but I was in
    no hurry. I was sure that the waiter __________________
    soon.
    COME
    But finally, becoming impatient, I turned to signal for service
    and saw the neon sign. That was the __________________
    moment ... I discovered that I was sitting outside a store selling
    garden furniture.
    BAD
    The Great Wall of China
    The Great Wall of China runs for 6,700 kilometers from east
    to west of China. It is one of the __________________
    wonders of the world.
    GREAT
    B4
    B5
    B6
    B7
    B8 The Great Wall __________________ in order to protect
    the country form different aggressors.
    BUILD
    B9 The construction of the Wall __________________ in the 6th
    century BC and lasted until the 16th century AD.
    BEGIN
    B10
    Since then, the Great Wall of China __________________
    a symbol of wisdom and bravery of the Chinese people and
    a monument to Chinese nation for many hundreds of years.
    BECOME
    Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Образуйте от слов, напечатанных
    заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами В11–B16,
    однокоренные слова так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически
    соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными
    словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы
    В11–В16.
    UK: Conservation and Environment
    Going for a walk is the most popular leisure activity in Britain.
    Despite its high __________________ density and widespread,
    the UK has many unspoilt rural and coastal areas.
    POPULATE
    B11
    B12
    Twelve National Parks are freely accessible to the public and
    were created to conserve the __________________ beauty,
    wildlife and cultural heritage they contain.
    NATURE
    B13
    Most of the land in National Parks is privately owned, but
    administered by an independent National Park Authority which
    works to balance the expectations of __________________
    with the need to conserve these open spaces for future
    generations.
    VISIT
    B14
    The UK also works to improve the global environment and has
    taken global warming __________________ ever since
    scientists discovered the hole in the ozone layer.
    SERIOUS
    B15
    In 1997, the UK subscribed to the Kyoto Protocol binding
    developed countries to reduce emissions of the six main
    greenhouse gases. The Protocol declares environmental
    __________________.
    PROTECT
    B16 Nowadays British __________________ are taking part in one
    of the largest international projects that is undertaken to protect
    endangered species.
    Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами А22–А28. Эти
    номера соответствуют заданиям A22–A28, в которых представлены
    возможные варианты ответов. Обведите номер выбранного Вами варианта
    ответа.
    Amos
    It wasn’t unusual for Amos to go to Deravenels on Saturday, even though
    the offices were closed over the weekend. He A22 ______ to go to tidy up his
    paperwork and do other small jobs he couldn’t attend to during the week.
    But on this Saturday morning he had a specific purpose when he arrived at
    the grand old building on the Strand. The uniformed doorman A23 ______ Amos
    close his umbrella and take off his raincoat. Then he touched his cap and said,
    "Good morning, Mr. Finnister”.
    Amos had come to the office to A24 ______ a few telephone calls. His first
    call was to the Royal London Hospital, Whitechapel, where he quickly discovered
    the records office was not open on weekends. He then dialed Ravenscar and was
    put through to Edward Deravenel.
    "Good morning, Amos,” Edward said. "I’m assuming you have some news
    for me.” Amos then relayed all the information he had gathered the night before.
    "Well done, Amos!” Edward exclaimed. "Thank you for going into all this
    A25 ______ . I knew I could depend A26 ______ you. My wife will be happy as
    I am to know everything; it’s been such a mystery all these years. To A27 ______
    the truth, I think that Grace Rose should also know what happened to her mother.
    It will finally put her mind at rest.”
    "I agree, sir. I will telephone you on Monday”. Amos walked home, A28 ______
    no attention to the heavy rain. He felt happy.
    1) held
    2) took
    3) used
    4) kept
    1) looked
    2) gazed
    3) stared
    4) watched
    1) take
    2) do
    3) make
    4) give
    1) worry
    2) trouble
    3) bother
    4) mess
    1) at
    2) on
    3) in
    4) of
    1) tell
    2) speak
    3) say
    4) talk
    1) turning
    2) paying
    3) drawing
    4) bringing
    Раздел 4. Письмо
    Для записи ответов на задания С1 и С2 используйте бланк ответов № 2.
    Запишите сначала номер задания (С1, С2), а затем развёрнутый ответ на
    него. Обратите внимание на необходимость соблюдения указанного объёма
    текста. Тексты недостаточного объёма, а также часть текста,
    превышающая требуемый объём, не оцениваются.
    You have 20 minutes to do this task.
    You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen-friend Tom who
    writes:
    Last month our class went to Washington to visit the National Museum of
    American History. It was my first visit there and it was fun! How often do you go to
    museums with your class, if at all? Which museum is your favorite or what
    museum would you like to visit? Why do you think people should go there?
    This summer we plan to go hiking with my parents.
    Write a letter to Tom.
    In your letter
    − answer his questions
    − ask 3 questions about his summer plans
    Write 100–140 words.
    Remember the rules of letter writing.
    You have 40 minutes to do this task.
    Comment on the following statement.
    Some people think that extreme sports help to build character.
    What is your opinion? Do you agree with this statement?
    Write 200–250 words.
    Use the following plan:
    − make an introduction (state the problem)
    − express your personal opinion and give 2–3 reasons for your opinion
    − express an opposing opinion and give 1–2 reasons for this opposing
    opinion
    − explain why you don’t agree with the opposing opinion
    − make a conclusion restating your position
    Тексты для аудирования
    Сейчас Вы будете выполнять задания по аудированию. Каждый текст
    прозвучит 2 раза. После двух прослушиваний у Вас будет время для
    выполнения и проверки заданий. Все паузы включены в аудиозапись.
    Остановка и повторное воспроизведение аудиозаписи не предусмотрены. По
    окончании выполнения всего раздела «Аудирование» перенесите свои ответы
    в бланк ответов № 1.
    Задание В1
    Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие между
    высказываниями каждого говорящего A–F и утверждениями, данными
    в списке 1–7. Используйте каждое утверждение, обозначенное
    соответствующей цифрой, только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее
    утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы
    в таблицу. У Вас есть 20 секунд, чтобы ознакомиться с заданием.
    Now we are ready to start.
    Speaker A
    For any celebration you have so many people to give presents to: your mates,
    parents, relatives. It creates a problem of choosing an original present. I think
    everybody is so tired of traditional gifts! To my mind, the simplest way out is
    accessories. They are always different and can suit everybody. For family members
    it may seem a good investment if it’s expensive enough and it may definitely help
    your friends look great at a party!
    Speaker B
    As for me, I dislike pragmatic, domestic gifts. They may be useful, of course, but
    when you get a present, you expect a surprise, not a new kind of washing powder.
    I do not understand people who are happy to get kitchen towels, cups, dishes or
    anything like that. If you do not have any innovative ideas, buy some perfume or
    flowers – they are not practical, they are pleasant.
    Speaker C
    Honestly speaking, I’d be glad to get a weekend camping tour even to a local place
    of interest. It would be the best present and the worst is perfume. Perfume is the
    ultimate in personal gifts, even more than accessories. What scent a person chooses
    is unique and usually very subjective. It also looks like a last-minute decision
    which may seem impolite, unless you are absolutely sure in your choice, which, as
    I said is a rare case.
    Speaker D
    Giving and receiving presents can be stressful. A picky person can dislike some
    gifts or even worse – give them to somebody else. Horrible! So I found a perfect
    way out – a gift certificate. For anyone who likes shopping it is ideal and you don’t
    waste time trying to find something special. But there are disadvantages about
    a gift certificate too. A person may think that you just didn’t want to be bothered
    and get offended, so it’s not a universal present after all.
    Speaker E
    If you can afford it, try not to give things, but experiences as a present. It is not
    necessarily something very expensive. Tickets to the first night performance or to a
    new exhibition in an art gallery, or anywhere else will do fine. It is even better if
    you can go there together and share these experiences. Take a camera with you and
    take pictures! Such a present will leave long-standing memories which are dear
    themselves.
    Speaker F
    Living in a high-tech world, it would not be unusual to buy gadgets as a present. If
    your friend commutes, it can be an iPod, if your friend is very busy – an electronic
    organizer will be an excellent idea. There are millions of choices and they are not
    expensive either. Such a present can show the person exactly how much thought
    you put into choosing the perfect gift taking into account his or her way of life and
    needs.
    You have 15 seconds to complete the task. (Pause 15 seconds.)
    Now you will hear the texts again. (Repeat.)
    This is the end of the task. You now have 15 seconds to check your answers.
    (Pause 15 seconds.)
    Задания А1–А7
    Вы услышите диалог. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений
    А1–А7 соответствуют содержанию текста (1 – True), какие не
    соответствуют (2 – False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на
    основании текста нельзя дать ни положительный, ни отрицательный
    ответ (3 – Not stated). Обведите номер выбранного Вами варианта ответа.
    Вы услышите запись дважды. У Вас есть 20 секунд, чтобы ознакомиться с
    заданиями.
    Now we are ready to start.
    Jane: Hello, Peter! What are you doing here in the library? I often come to the
    reading room but I have never seen you here before!
    Peter: Hello, Jane. That’s right – you could not have possibly seen me here.
    I come round to change my books or look through some journals now and then
    during the term time, but that is it. The end of the term is different, of course.
    Jane: Why so?
    Peter: Well, you know, the exams are coming and I am getting a bit nervous.
    Jane: Have you missed many classes then?
    Peter: Not many, really, but the fact is that I did just the bare minimum even for
    my major! There is a lot of information which went over my head completely. My
    group mates have lent me their notes but they are of very little use. They are really
    brief, as a rule, so I cannot make out a single thing of them!
    Jane: So, you have missed not classes, but opportunities if I can put it this way.
    Peter: I guess you can. Do you think I will be able to catch up with the rest of the
    group? I doubt it. I have been using my computer much to put all the information
    in proper schemes and tables but that does not seem to be helping much.
    Jane: It is totally up to you! If you are determined to succeed, you will have to
    spend days and nights with books and your computer.
    Peter: What worries me is the language course. It seems totally impossible!
    Jane: Yes, that will be the most difficult one for you. You simply cannot expect to
    take in all the words and grammar rules in just a few nights.
    Peter: Do you think I will fail it then?
    Jane: Peter, be more optimistic! If the teacher sees you have tried to do at least
    something, she will appreciate it, I am sure.
    Peter: Thank you, Jane; you are such a good friend! How about you? Are you
    ready for your exams? I bet you are!
    Jane: Actually, I am not so sure about Literature. I think I am on the teacher’s
    blacklist for not meeting deadlines with some of the essays.
    Peter: You will pass, do not worry!
    Jane: Well, let us hope for the best!
    You have 15 seconds to complete the task. (Pause 15 seconds.)
    Now you’ll hear the text again. (Repeat.)
    This is the end of the task. You now have 15 seconds to check your answers.
    (Pause 15 seconds.)
    Задания А8–А14
    Вы услышите интервью. В заданиях А8–А14 обведите цифру 1, 2 или 3,
    соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа. Вы услышите
    запись дважды. У Вас есть 50 секунд, чтобы ознакомиться с заданиями.
    Now we are ready to start.
    Presenter: With us in the studio today we have the owner of famous British
    Vintage Inns. Good afternoon, Mr. Mitchell.
    Michael Mitchell: Good afternoon, but, please, call me Michael.
    Presenter: So, Michael, what is so special about Vintage Inns for Englishmen or
    tourists?
    Michael Mitchell: I must say one of our greatest advantages is that we are in
    really prime places. Imagine a summer’s day, a river gently flowing past as you
    enjoy a light lunch or an evening meal with friends. Or, maybe, it is winter and you
    sit in front of a log fire. Our inns are always in a quaint village in the heart of the
    English countryside which makes it attractive for both nostalgic British people and
    enthusiastic tourists.
    Presenter: As I understand, most of your inns have their own gardens.
    Michael Mitchell: Yes, it is certainly true. They are every bit as pleasant as the
    places the inns are in – ideal for a meal in fine weather, which is, of course,
    seasonal.
    Presenter: Still, competition is high in your sphere. Being not so close to centers
    of big cities, what do you do to make sure people will drive specially to you?
    Michael Mitchell: Actually, I do nothing special to attract potential customers.
    You see, I do not have to as the inns are generally located in places worth visiting
    and many are close to enchanting walks. Very often there is a Vintage Inn close to
    a stately home or a historic village or another tourist attraction. What could be a
    better way to spend a day off with your family? Even London pubs cannot offer
    this.
    Presenter: Any chain store risks becoming boring for clients as they all look
    exactly the same. What do you think about this opinion?
    Michael Mitchell: I’d like to say that every Vintage Inn is different, but they are
    all the same. All our inns will definitely offer the same high quality menu and
    standards of service. All our landlords and ladies share the same passion for
    ‘getting it right’. However, each Vintage Inn has its own unique character. You
    will discover thatched roofs, soft, natural slate, buildings of hewn stone. There are
    Tudor, Georgian, Victorian and many more styles of architecture, including
    modern ones.
    Presenter: What about food in Vintage Inns?
    Michael Mitchell: What we offer is best described as leaning towards traditional
    home style cooking but with a contemporary twist. Still, we do allow the best of
    great food from around the world to add a little influence on what we do. Many of
    our dishes are our own creation – and all dishes are designed to look tempting and
    great on the plate.
    Presenter: Is there a difference between an afternoon menu and an evening one?
    Michael Mitchell: Well, on working days at lunch time you can choose anything
    from a range of sandwiches to full three-course meals. Our evening meals also
    offer lighter choices but includes fish, chicken, pasta, salads, steaks and pies too.
    On Sundays we include a choice of traditional roasts and puddings.
    Presenter: What is your booking policy? You must have a long line of people
    wishing to visit your places!
    Michael Mitchell: I know many people prefer to book for their Friday dinner well
    beforehand. Nevertheless, in fact, at Vintage Inns you cannot book! That is
    because we are always ready to welcome you – seven days a week. Just turn up
    and we will make you feel welcome, even if you choose to come at the busiest
    time. As soon as a table is vacant, you can have it.
    Presenter: Thank you, Michael.
    Michael Mitchell: Pleasure.
    You have 15 seconds to complete the task. (Pause 15 seconds.)
    Now you will hear the text again. (Repeat.)
    This is the end of the task. You now have 15 seconds to check your answers.
    (Pause 15 seconds.)
    This is the end of the Listening test.
    Время, отведённое на выполнение заданий, истекло.
    Ответы
    Раздел 1.
    Аудирование
    Раздел 2.
    Чтение
    Раздел 3. Грамматика
    и лексика

    ответы
    А1 1 А15 1 А22 3
    А2 2 А16 3 А23 4
    А3 2 А17 1 А24 3
    А4 3 А18 2 А25 2
    А5 2 А19 2 А26 2
    А6 3 А20 3 А27 1
    А7 1 А21 4 А28 2
    А8 1
    А9 3
    А10 1
    А11 3
    А12 2
    А13 3
    A14 1
    Аудирование
    В1 431627
    Чтение
    В2 1468527
    B3 642153
    Грамматика и лексика*
    В4 wives
    В5 wasn’t<или>wasnot
    В6 waslooking
    В7 greatest
    В8 wasbuilt
    B9 began
    B10 hasbecome
    B11 population
    B12 natural
    B13 visitors
    B14 seriously
    B15 protection
    B16 scientists
    Порядок подсчета слов в заданиях раздела «Письмо»
    При оценивании заданий раздела «Письмо» (С1–С2) следует учитывать
    такой параметр, как объём письменного текста, выраженный в количестве
    слов. Требуемый объём для личного письма в задании С1 – 100–140 слов; для
    развёрнутого письменного высказывания в задании С2 – 200–250 слов.
    Допустимое отклонение от заданного объёма составляет 10%. Если в
    выполненном задании С1 менее 90 слов или в задании С2 менее 180 слов, то
    задание проверке не подлежит и оценивается в 0 баллов. При превышении
    объёма более чем на 10%, т. е. если в выполненном задании С1 более
    154 слов или в задании С2 более 275 слов, проверке подлежит только та часть
    работы, которая соответствует требуемому объёму. Таким образом, при
    проверке задания С1 отсчитывается от начала работы 140 слов, задания С2 –
    250 слов, и оценивается только эта часть работы.
    При определении соответствия объёма представленной работы
    вышеуказанным требованиям считаются все слова, начиная с первого слова
    по последнее, включая вспомогательные глаголы, предлоги, артикли,
    частицы. В личном письме адрес, дата, подпись также подлежат подсчету.
    При этом:
    − стяжённые (краткие) формы can't, didn't, isn't, I'm и т. п. считаются как
    одно слово;
    − числительные, выраженные цифрами, т. е. 1; 25; 2009, 126204 и т. п.,
    считаются как одно слово;
    − числительные, выраженные словами, считаются как слова;
    − сложные слова, такие как good-looking, well-bred, English-speaking,
    twenty-five, считаются как одно слово;
    − сокращения, например USA, e-mail, TV, CD-rom, считаются как одно
    слово.
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