1. Use the Past
Simple Active or the Past Simple passive instead of the infinitives in
1. They (to go) into the storeroom
where some of the goods (to keep).
2. He (to make fun of)? But he never
(to answer) back.
3. The book (to put) on the shelf. No
one (to take notice of) it.
4. The matter (to forget) by everyone.
But Lenny (to remember).
5. He (to know) that the thief (to
hide) by the darkness.
2. Fill each of
the gaps in the following sentences with an appropriate verb from the list. The
verbs should be used in the passive.
deemed inundated dwarfed dubbed shrouded scheduled baffled
The ex-champion……..by heat
exhaustion in the final and was unable to finish the match.
How the intelligence services
Since the film came out,
I………with requests for my autograph.
His house in the
foothills……….by the surrounding mountains.
Their new CD………for release next
All the doctors we saw……….by
the reason for her illness.
I’m afraid her recent
work…………totally inadequate for the task.
Believe it or not, last month a
news-reader……….the nicest man on television.
Many people think a
nineteen-year-old’s first novel should……….for last year’s National Literature
When the police arrived, the
victim’s clothes…….. all over the room.
3. Rewrite the
following sentences using two passive forms, making the underlined words the
subject. Omit the agent if it is not necessary.
just sent me a whole lot of junk mail.
Credit Bank lent me two thousand pounds in 1999.
gave each of the children a
bottle of milk every day.
showed us the sights of the city.
had promised the children more food.
magician told them the secret.
offered her the job.
4. Supply the appropriate form for the following
…a newspaper on the way
…anyone my secret. Do you
…for me, please. I’ll be
ready in just a few minutes.
…out! A car is coming!
…this passage aloud. It’s
so funny, I’d like everyone to listen to it.
…your words! Think
first, don’t be rude.
Read the text. Make the literary translation of the text in writing.
Though there are almost three thousand languages in the world, English
is the most universal. It is the official language in over forty countries. One
billion people speak English. That’s 20% of the world’s population. 400 mln
people speak English as their first language. For other 600 mln it’s either a
second language or a foreign language.
In other countries it is used as a second language: it is a way in which
people who have different languages communicate with each other.
The export of English began in the
Elizabethan Age’ (1558 – 1603) due to Sir Francais Drake and Sir Walter Raleigh
who brought England a lot of land, money and power and who spread English to
the new world and the West Indies.
Between 1800 and 1900 Britain became
the richest country in the world and the most powerful. The British Empire
included many foreign countries like New Zealand,
Nigeria, India, Canada,
English was an important language on every continent. At the same time the USA and its
language – both grew very quickly in the 19th century. Finally by
the 1950s America
was the English-speaking superpower.
In fact American English is growing faster now that ever before. The new
words come from people of South-east Asia and Central
America, from scientists and teenagers. Over 70% of the world’s
scientists read English. And 90% of all information is stored in English.
English is used for many purposes. Vocabularies, grammatical forms and ways of
speaking and writing have emerged influenced by technological and scientific
developments, economics and management, literature and entertainment genres.
English is the language of summit meetings
and the UNO. English is also becoming increasingly the language of
international trade: nearly 50% of all the companies in
communicate with each other in English.
is slowly becoming more than one language. English is changing in many
countries of the Third World – which were once a part of the British
Empire – now they’re independent. For example in Jamaica. There are two kinds of
English in this West Indian island. One is standard – the language of the
government and newspapers and the other is Creole – the day-to-day language of
still need standard English for international communication in the 21st
been an international language for only 50 years. It may become one tool that
opens windows to the world, unlocks doors to opportunities and expands our
minds to new ideas.
6. Make up
questions to each paragraph of the text.
7. Give the
Russian equivalents for the following: to
communicate with each other; former British colonies; an official language;
ancient languages; the most powerful; to be used for many purposes;
technological and scientific developments; economics and management; literature
and entertainment genres; summit meetings; the UNO; the language of international
trade; countries of the Third World; the British Empire; the day-to-day
language; standard English; local dialects; to communicate across linguistic
8. Use the right word from below.
mind the increasing___for English in___all over the world, it has been___that
the company start to implement more organized English language___programmes
than has been the policy up to now.
there are two___speakers of English___by the company o a part-time basis, to provide
courses for those members of___who are nterested.
It has now
been proposed that___English language courses be introduced. Top executives
should___intensive two-week courses in special schools in England; lower grades should
receive regular___(two hours weekly) from more___English language teachers in
suggested, highly-qualified, compulsory,
business, staff, employed, tuition, native, attend, training, need
9. Which of the
following words are originally English and which come from other languages?
judo, restaurant, telephone, rhyme, poetry, Professor, car, piano, lecturer.
10. In the following sentences the
is missing in one or more cases. Write in the where necessary.
There are countless varieties
of English in use in English-speaking world.
Concepts of language vary from
country to country and from generation to generation; English you hear spoken
nowadays is in no way recognizable as language used by last generation, let
alone in time of Shakespeare.
People living inside Arctic
Circle have a very different view of year from those living in, say, Belgium.
Many people of public sector of work are just looking for sun, sand and
relaxation when they go on holiday, and why not?