|Английский язык для школьников №23 |
1. Прочтите текст "The Pilgrims" и выберите единственно правильный ответ.
The Pilgrims were puritans, that is to say, people of England who objected
to the form of religious feelings shown to God and religious services used in
the Church of England. King James punished all who refused to follow laws
and traditions of the Church of England and to give money to support it.
These people had to leave their country and went to Holland trying to find
religious freedom there. But they were not allowed to own land in Holland
and, besides, they did not want their children to grow up and become Dutchspeaking
people. They wanted to remain English; so, they soon returned to
England with the idea of leaving for America. There, where the lands were
still wild, they hoped to build homes for themselves and start a new life based
on their own ideals of religious and civil rights. Pilgrim Fathers decided to
form a colony that should be governed by just and equal laws, established by
With the idea of a new England in America some of the strongest English
people crossed the broad Atlantic on the little ship known as "The Mayflower".
These people were independent and God-fearing. Some of them were also
The departure of the Pilgrims from England marks a period in history.
Towards the end of November in 1620, this company of about a hundred
persons, with Captain Miles Standish as their leader, landed on Cape Cod, not
far from where Boston now is.
A short time after landing, they found a suitable place to live and, about
Christmas, began to cut trees and build houses. Winter came on, and they were
not prepared for difficult times. Many of them got ill and about half of them
died. But those who survived did not give up; they were not easily discouraged
by the difficulties.
In the spring and summer following that hard winter, their crops grew, and
the colony became rich. They made friends with the Indians and were not
afraid of them. At last, they felt sure that they had found the land that they had
hoped to find so long. In the autumn, they decided to have a great holiday and
to unite in giving thanks to God for everything they had received. They also
invited the Indians, and all sat down together to celebrate the first Thanksgiving
Day in America.
Вопросы к тексту
1. This text tells us about
(A) strong people from America who formed a colony not far from the place
where Boston now is.
(B) strong and determined people from England who did not share religious
views of the Church of England and left for America to form there a new
colony based on their own religious beliefs.
(C) supporters of the Church of England who went to America to start their
(D) a lot of English people who called themselves Pilgrims and who decided
to leave for America because there was a lot of land there to cultivate
and to grow crops.
2. Pilgrims are
(A) people from Holland who first came to England and then to America to
find a better life there.
(B) a group of English puritans who sailed to America to escape from the
religious beliefs of the Church of England and to make a new kind of
society based on their religious ideals and beliefs.
(C) a group of Americans who shared the religious beliefs of the Church of
England and started a colony to show their religious feelings to God.
(D) European people who did not want for some reason to stay in Europe
3. The Pilgrims decided to leave for America with the idea in their minds
(A) to form a colony there which they wanted to base on equal religious and
civil laws established by common consent.
(B) to find some suitable settlements where they could live far away from the
Church of England.
(C) to travel about America and to learn much about it because many of them
were educated people.
(D) to share their knowledge of agriculture with the American Indians.
4. They crossed the Atlantic
(A) in many boats that were badly equipped and many of them sank on their
way to America.
(B) on a big ocean liner that was very quick and comfortable.
(C) on a ferry-boat on which they also brought horses, tracks and
a lot of other things.
(D) in a little sailing vessel, called "The Mayflower", which landed at the end
of November 1620 on Cape Cod.
5. Some time after landing
(A) they grew crops and got very rich.
(B) they decided to return to England because winter came and they were not
prepared for its difficulties.
(C) they found a place where they began to build houses and though
that winter was severe and many of them died, those who had survived,
grew crops next autumn, a year later, and became rich.
(D) they opened schools and hospitals in the Indian settlements.
6. The first Thanksgiving Day in America
(A) was arranged by Pilgrim settlers as a day of prayer for everything
God had given them and where Indians were invited because they helped
the Pilgrims to grow crops in that hungry winter of 1620 when the
Pilgrims landed in those places.
(B) was arranged by the Hollanders who came to America to find
a better life.
(C) was organised by the Americans who decided to thank God for the crops he
, had given them.
(D) was arranged by the Indians for the knowledge of agriculture the Pilgrims
had shared with them.
2. Из четырех вариантов (А), (В), (С), (D) выберите единственно правильный:
1. The teacher said that if we the article, we would have to read it again.
(A) wouldn't understand (C) didn't understand
(B) don't understand (D) had understood
2. It was announced on the radio that a criminal from prison and
the police were looking after him.
(A) has escaped (C) had escaped
(B) escaped (D) was escaped
3. These trousers look long for a six-year-old boy.
(A) much (C) a lot
(B) rather (D) enough
4. Elizabeth II the Queen of England for forty-six years.
(A) will be (C) is
(B) had been (D) has been
5.1 don't know if he to the party tomorrow.
(A) comes (C) came
(B) will come (D) was coming
6. The doctor told the parents so nervous.
(A) not to be (C) to be not
(B) do not be (D) not be
7. My sister's invited you to her birthday party, she?
(A) isn't (C) hasn't
(B) doesn't (D) didn't she
8.1 wonder where her holiday last year.
(A) did she spend (C) spent she
(B) she did spend (D) she spent
9. There bad news on television nowadays.
(A) is too much (C) are too a lot of
(B) are too many (D) is a very little
10. If you want to save your money, don't keep in the bank.
(A) it (C) them
(B) they (D) its
11. This dress is fashionable!
(A) such (C) much
(B) so (D) a lot
12. No matter how hard he tried he could not make his dog his orders.
(A) obey (C) obeying
(B) to obey (D) obeyed
13. You have to arrive the airport two hours before your flight leaves.
(A) for (C) in
(B) to (D) at
14. We didn't enjoy the play. — .
(A) I didn't too. (C) I did either.
(B) Neither did I. (D) Nor didn't I.
15. Which song would you like to ?
(A) hearing (C) listen
(B) listen to (D) listening
16. I'm so tired all your complaints!
(A) off (C) in
(B) of (D) with
17. If you want some more coffee, help .
(A) yourself (C) you
(B) myself (D) oneself
18. When I heard his story, I couldn't help .
(A) to laugh (C) laughter
(B) laugh (D) laughing
19.1 don't think she knows can save her.
(A) what (C) whom
(B) which (D) that
20. Alan said that was he had ever driven.
(A) a very fast car (C) one of the fastest cars
(B) one of the most fast (D) one of fastest cars
21. The Moscow Art Theatre in 1898 by K. Stanislavski and
(A) found (C) was finded
(B) founded (D) was founded
22. The Browns are in Moscow. I saw them
(A) before five minutes (C) five minutes ago
(B) since five minutes (D) five minutes before
23. By the way, Jack Brown a new job?
(A) have offered (C) has offering
(B) has been offered (D) has got an offer
24. What to do tonight?
(A) will you (C) do you
(B) are you going (D) are you doing
25. I'd like
(A) you to help me (C) you helping me
(B) that you help me (D) you help me
3. Выполните письменно следующее задание:
You have been asked to write a short review of your favourite TV programme. It will be
published in your school (college) English language newspaper. Write 12-15 sentences.